Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults. It’s a progressive condition, and is easily treatable in its earliest stages. In this article from Marcos Ortega DDS in San Diego CA, we have put together a list of the four main stages of gum disease, in order to keep our patients aware and educated on this all-too-common problem.
- Gingivitis: This first stage includes red or swollen gums that cause discomfort while brushing and flossing. You may notice bad breath on occasion. Gingivitis is often caused by the buildup of bacteria on teeth and the gum line.
- Early Stage Periodontal Disease: During the second stage, infection has spread beneath the gums, allowing harmful bacteria to begin eating at the bone holding your teeth in place. An aggressive treatment plan can prevent it from getting worse.
- Moderate Periodontal Disease: This third stage involves more advanced care. Surgery can reshape your gums and close pockets between the gums and teeth to reduce plaque buildup. This may sound intimidating, but the prognosis can be good.
- Advanced Periodontal Disease: Flap surgery is common for this stage and involves cleaning the actual roots of your teeth by scrubbing behind your gums. Weakened bone can be smoothed or shaped to avoid bacteria from collecting.
Daily brushing and flossing, along with regular checkups at Marcos Ortega DDS in San Diego CA, can prevent gum disease. People from Hillcrest, Mission Hills, and Bankers Hill rely on our care, and also come to us for our top-of-the-line cosmetic dentistry procedures. Request an appointment today!
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